Some of these are essential, while others are used to deliver you an optimised shopping experience.
Harakeke extract is a clear gel produced from the the whole plant harakeke (Phormium tenax). We use this ingredient in many of our products for its soothing, skin-hydrating properties.
Harakeke is a flax bush endemic to Aotearoa New Zealand, Norfolk Island and the Chatham Islands. These hardy perennial plants thrive in rich, well-drained soils in wetlands and coastal areas. Bushes grow long pointed leaves up to two meters in length, and produce nectar-rich red flowers to attract birds, who act as the primary pollinators.
Harakeke's active natural skin-conditioning compounds include humectant D-Xylose, and pH-balancing D-Glucuronic acid. The gel cools and calms skin in a similar way to aloe vera, helping hydrate and encourage improved skin appearance.
The beneficial properties of harakeke have long been valued by Māori, who have used it in traditional medicine to heal burns, cuts and skin infections. Harakeke fibres are prized for weaving textiles, clothing, baskets and mats, and it forms an important part of historical and contemporary culture.
Botanical name: Phormium tenax
Other names: Harakeke Flax Extract
Chemical class: Botanical Products and Botanical Derivatives
Notable compounds (leaf): Cucurbitacin D, Cucurbitacin I, Farrerol
Priscilla M. Wehi & Bruce D. Clarkson (2007). Biological flora of New Zealand 10. Phormium tenax, harakeke, New Zealand flax. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 45-4, 521-544, DOI: 10.1080/00288250709509737
Warwick Harris & Mairehau Te Ua Ani Woodcock-Sharp (2000). Extraction, content, strength, and extension of Phormium variety fibres prepared for traditional Maori weaving. New Zealand Journal of Botany, 38-3, 469-487, DOI: 10.1080/0028825X.2000.9512697
Ngā Tipu Whakaoranga database. Phormium tenax. Record number 1068. Retrieved on October 25, 2021 from http://maoriplantuse.landcareresearch.co.nz